4 Types of Feed Grain Commonly Grown in the US

4 Types of Feed Grain Commonly Grown in the US

Published by The Grain Handling Direct Team on Nov 17th 2022

Are you looking to learn more about feed grain? Let us help with our brief and informative guide about the types of feed grain most commonly grown in the US.

1. Corn

Corn is the most common feed grain in the US—and the world —thanks to its nutritional benefits and ability to thrive in many environments. Corn is a common livestock feed that is also fit for human consumption as whole corn and derived products, such as corn syrup.

The US is the world’s largest producer, consumer, and exporter of corn, as its Heartland region produces nearly a hundred million acres of corn annually. Iowa and Illinois are the top corn-producing states in the US.

2. Sorghum

Also known as milo, sorghum is a warm-season crop in the grass family. Its main uses are primarily in animal feed and sometimes biofuels. Sorghum is a more drought-tolerant crop than corn, so farmers grow it most commonly in areas susceptible to severe droughts and low rainfall averages.

Sorghum has a lower feed-to-weight-gain ratio than corn, so it’s not preferred by as many farmers and typically fetches a lower price. And while sorghum is not as common as corn, it’s still a major crop in the following states:

  • Kansas
  • Texas
  • Colorado
  • Oklahoma
  • Nebraska

3. Barley

Barley is one of the oldest crops in the history of human civilization, with its origins dating back thousands of years. It is still one of the most popular crops in the world. As a feed grain, barley is primarily a protein source with high energy for cattle.

While it’s a common animal feed, barley production has recently seen a boom thanks to the craft beer trend in the US. The largest producing barley states are in the northwestern and plains region, with Idaho, Montana, and North Dakota leading production in the US.

4. Oats

Another type of feed grain commonly grown in the US is oats. Oats typically come as a whole grain, which means that the hull is still on, making it an excellent source of fiber. However, oats are low in energy. Oats have a high fat content and are rich in oleic and linoleic acids. As animal feed, it’s most common for horses, poultry, and pigs.

Do you grow or plan to grow one of these feed grains on your farm and need equipment? Grain Handling Direct has plenty of affordable and high-quality grain handling equipment for sale to help make your next crop your best yield yet. Contact our expert staff to learn more about our grain handling equipment.